What makes societies strong is not their economic and demographic superiority, in fact it is their cultural heritage. A Culture which is the basic requirement of being a nation is the only force that keeps a society alive. Our national music is one of the cornerstones of our national culture. The study is for revealing Atatürk era conception of music education and determining the closeness to this conception of today’s pre-service teachers. The study covers pre-service classroom teachers studying at Faculty of Education at Dumlupınar University during the 2015-16 academic year. According to the research results; pre-service teachers perceive the music as local and national culture just like in the general educational philosophy of the Republican era and think that our music should be fed from our culture so as to be universal and also they see the music as a medium of culture transfer that describes the society with all its elements. In this regard, local elements in the form known by our people to be listened with pleasure and with revising them again, it is advised that pre-service teachers studying at a faculty of education should be taught to gain music education, content and archives as the medium of transferring of local and national culture as well as their universal music knowledge such as western music technique, musical note and so on.
Atatürk Era, Music, Music Education