In a world with growing concerns about global energy use and carbon emissions, energy efficient and sustainable building design becomes a necessity. The true material selection plays a key role for the sustainability. This study aims to understand the smart materials because for designing and building a sustainable future the impact of these materials are significant. Smart materials offer different and significant solutions for various architectural demands. They can be generally defined as the engineered materials that perform special tasks. These are the materials which have one or more properties that can be altered by external stimuli like temperature, moisture, electric field etc. Basic types of smart materials are normally used in conjunction with many other materials. With the conjunction of other materials; devices, components, assemblies and systems can be produced. Complex functions are needed for using these materials in design context and single materials cannot alone respond many demands. Their potential is already recognized by the architects and they will be inevitable elements for the future projects with enhanced properties. This study also aims to determine the potential of nanotechnology which has the potential to offer architecture an abundance of smart materials that will be precisely engineered to perform specific tasks and energy concious design.
Smart Materials, Nanotechnology, Sustainable Architecture