ELEGY TO THE BALKANS IN THE ARAB POETRY: FALL OF EDIRNE, SISTER OF ANDALUCIA
ARAP ŞİİRİNDE BALKANLARA MERSİYE: ENDÜLÜS’ÜN KARDEŞİ EDİRNE’NİN DÜŞÜŞÜ

Author : İhsan DOĞRU
Number of pages : 497-504

Abstract

Just as the loss of Andalucía put Arabs in deep grief, so did the loss of the Balkans, which could be called “Andalucía of the Ottomans”, put the Turks in a similar kind of grief. The two big states, one of which ruled in the southeast of Europe while the other ruled in the east, reigned for about seven centuries. Then, they retreated in defeat and degradation from the Gates of Conquest through which their ancestors had once entered with pride. Edirne, a city located in the Balkan Peninsula, is an important city that served to the Ottomans as its capital city until the conquest of Istanbul. Having been caught in grief upon the Bulgarian attack on Edirne in 1912, Egyptian poet Ahmet Shawqi wrote an elegy lamenting the loss of the city. Containing wisdom and feel, this poem is the longest and the most important of the elegies written for the Balkans in the past century. The poet devoted his elegy, which was composed of a hundred and five couplets, to expressing his grief caused by the fall of the city. He touched upon issues such as the processes of war and unspeakable mass slaughters perpetrated by the Bulgarians in the name of Christ; he depicted how people were murdered indiscriminately, whether they were young or old, or men or women, even slaughtering babies sleeping in their cribs. He condemned regretfully how the Bulgarians killed their fellow neighbors, Turks, as if they were sheep, and how the Turks shed tears while leaving the lands which once served as their homeland. He invited people in Istanbul, who had been

Keywords

Fall of Edirne, Ahmad Shawqi, Sister of Andalucía, Elegy to the Balkans, Andalucía of the Ottomans

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