Gender theories point a structure where heteronormative order and/or the concepts that stay out of it are associated with each other or positioned through each other, with its content that embraces all gender-themed ideas, concepts, and cultural elements. Following the 19th century, some theoretical and conceptual approaches (gender, feminism, queer) have been developed in the academic field in order to criticize behavioral patterns imposed upon gender identities according to cultural or social data and to express rights or inequities observed based on gender within social life. With feminism, in the 1960s women's advocacy was predominant, and in the 1980s the equality of men's and women's rights gained importance, and in the 1990s the search for rights was also included in the work. The common problem can be defined as the acceptance of the existence of 'otherized' individuals within society and the struggle to reach equal conditions. "New York Musicology Community" founded in America in 1930 has provided service for the field of musicology with the name “American Musicology Community” in 1934 as a cultural movement and included the topic of gender which is discussed as an inherent part of musicology to its scope of research. In the study, the relation between musical practices and gender theories are searched through the examples within the scope of musicology and ethnomusicology disciplines. Literature of gender and music were written in Europe, America, and Turkey are examined to learn about the scope of the studies, the close tie between the music performance, as an important part of cultures, and gender theories are conveyed with research examples through the data obtained, the effect of gender theories and research findings are evaluated in studies linked with music.
Gender Theories, Musicology, Ethnomusicology, Turkey