THE IMPORTANT PERSONAS RAISED BY KHÂLID-I BAGHDÂDÎ IN BINGOL AND HAKKÂRI
HÂLİD-İ BAĞDÂDÎ’NİN BİNGÖL VE HAKKÂRİ ÇEVRESİNDE YETİŞTİRDİĞİ ÖNEMLİ ŞAHSİYETLER

Author : Esma SAYIN
Number of pages : 541-548

Abstract

Born in the town of Qaradagh near Sulaymaniyah in Iraq, Mawlânâ Khâlid-i Baghdâdî (d. 1242/1827) is the founder of 'Khalidiyya' branch of Naqshbandi order. He has gone to Delhi in India and served for Abdullah Dehlavi (d. 1240/1824), a follower of Mujaddidi branch and within only a year, he has received initiation from Naqshbandiyye, Qaderi, Sohrawardi, Kobrawi and Chishti orders and he returned. The purpose of this article is to determine the effect of Khalidism particularly in Bingöl, Hakkâri and surrounding areas. Seyyid Tâhâ, for example, who lived around Hakkâri is deemed to be one of the most important sources attributed by the Naqshbandiyye order to Khâlid-i Baghdâdî (d. 1942). In this sense, there are four important golden chains (silsila) that reached Seyyid Tâhâ-yı Hakkâri. The first one is Esad Erbili that reached Khâlid-i Baghdâdî through Tâhâ el-Harîri and Seyyid Tâhâ (d. 1931). He is one of the important Khalidi sheiks active in Istanbul. Mahmut Sami Ramazanoglu (d. 1984), Muhammet Muhyiddin Efendi of Bolu (d. 1976) Mustafa Hulusi Dinc of Yahyalı are caliphs of this person. The second one is Muhammet Lutfi of Alvar (d. 1956), who is the caliph of Muhammed Kufrevî from Bitlis. Küfrevî reached Khâlid-i Baghdâdî through Seyyid Tâhâ. The third one is Abdulhakim Arvasî chain and through Seyyid Fehim and Seyyid Tâhâ-yı Hakkâri it reached Khâlid-i Baghdâdî. The fourth one is Haznevî chain and it reached Khâlid-i Baghdâdî through Ahmet Haznevî (d. 1949) Ziyaeddîn Fethullah Velknisî, Abdurrahman et-Taği, Sıbğatullah Arvasî and Seyyid Tâhâ. During the era of the son of his caliph Abdulhakim Huseynî, Muhammed Rasheed Erol (d. 1993) this chain has became nationwide in Turkey. In addition, we see that the communication and spiritual connections between Seyyid Tâhâ-ı Hakkâri and his master Mawlânâ Khâlid-i Baghdâdî is very strong. Seyyid Tâhâ never has severed his spiritual ties with his master; while Khâlid-i Baghdâdî always has directed him through warnings, guidance and letters.

Keywords

Khâl

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