ADDRESS FORMS FOR PROPHET MUHAMMAD IN CLASSICAL TURKISH LITERATURE: THE CASE OF NAZIM YAHYA’S DIVAN
KLÂSİK TÜRK ŞİİRİNDE HZ. PEYGAMBER’E HİTAPLAR: NAZÎM YAHYÂ DİVANI ÖRNEĞİ

Author : Muhammet KUZUBAŞ
Number of pages : 127-139

Abstract

Address forms appear in almost every literary genre or verse. Address forms, which are important elements of the language of poetry, are important in terms of showing the sense and point of view towards what is addressed in terms of the meaning it contains. Thanks to the words and groups of words that make up the address forms, it is possible to determine the poet's understanding of what is addressed. The similes, comparisons, signs and symbolic expressions in the address forms add a different color to the meaning world of poetry. Address forms are also considered as indicators of value and importance given to the addressee, but also indicate the position and degree between the addressing person and the interlocutor. In many works such as Orhun Inscriptions, Kutadgu Bilig, Dede Korkut Stories, it is possible to see address forms for different entities in our literary history. As a reflection of the exceptional place in the hearts of our nation for centuries, the works produced about the Prophet Muhammad in dozens of literary genres are remarkable. Especially na’ts have a special place in this subject with the impressive expression power of poetry. In our study was examined address forms the appeals to the Prophet Muhammad in Yahyâ Nazîm’s Divan, who is known as one of the most poets who wrote classical Turkish literature in our history. Addresses identified; Prophet Muhammad addresses the personalities of the Prophet, where God is located, his comparison with other prophets and angels, similar situations in the universe and other people, and groups of different language groups. Personal Properties of Prophet Muhammad, in the presence of god, his comparison with other prophets and angels, situation against the universe and other people were classified as addressing with various words and phrases.

Keywords

Classical Turkish Literature, Nazim Yahya, Na’t, Prophet Muhammad

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