PARADIGMATIC APPROACH TO CONCEPTS OF ART, GAME AND AUTOTELIC ATIITUDE IN VALUES EDUCATION
DEĞERLER EĞİTİMİNDE SANAT, OYUN VE OTOTELOS TAVIR KAVRAMLARINA PARADİGMAL BİR YAKLAŞIM

Author : Nazan DÜZ
Number of pages : 287-297

Abstract

Concept of value is a social phenomenon which regulates social life, and enhances attachment between individuals, and have genuine shared behaviour standards on which most people agree. Love, respect, helping each other, justice, honesty, mercy, tolerance, friendship are common social values on which people in a community compromise and agree. Art occupies a privileged place in values education in that it has either influenced human thoughts and value judgments or influenced by them for centuries. Every art movement has shaped society or been shaped by it through interactions. The value of art is evaluated by the place it has gained in people’s life through the usefulness and beauty it has provided. A game is an activity which is created with intellect and shaped with emotion, which makes it an activity in which creativity can be made use of limitlessly and freely. The creativity which a child shows while playing a game and an artist while building her work is an autotelic attitude. Autotelic attitude is an attitude which contains in itself its own aim. A child sees life as a game and communicates with life through games. Games liberate a child and ensure his existence, which means he exists as long as he can play. A game is very enjoyable, pleasurable and therefore a nice activity. Likewise, art is the language of an artist. While creating his work, the artist is, as it were, in a game and free and he exists as long as he can create. While the child acts the beautiful in a game, the artist acts the same as he is creating his work. While senses and feelings are trained through education making us of art, mental abilities also improve; therefore, the individual acquires the ability to systematically express his feelings, thoughts, impressions and views,thus,he is able to take his creativity to an aesthetic dimension through his shaping the material or his artistic work on the surface of the material. This study seeks to discuss and reveal with a paradigmatic approach the importance of concepts of game and autotelic attitude in acquiring social values, in acquiring behaviours required and expected from an individual for adapting to social life and in art education, which trains intellectuallized emotions and intuitions.

Keywords

Value, Values Education, Art, Game, Autotelic Attitude

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