A NATIONAL ECONOMY PROJECT:IZMIR EXPORTATION AND IMPORTATION TURKISH INCORPORATED COMPANY
BİR MİLLİ İKTİSAT PROJESİ:İZMİR İHRACAT VE İTHALAT TÜRK ANONİM ŞİRKETİ

Author : İrfan Davut ÇAM
Number of pages : 45-56

Abstract

Smaller Balkan countries started to declare their independence just after repromulgation of constitutional monarchy particularly with the Balkan Wars. Nationalist feelings, which had an effect upon Muslim and Turk elements as a result of disengagement that has been continuing for a long time within the boundaries of the Ottoman Empire, were channeled into field of education by the Committee of Union and Progress. But the current state of the Ottoman economy was a significant obstacle in front of the educational reform in that period. The way to eliminate this obstacle was an economy policy of self-sufficiency. Therefore, the Committee of Union and Progress replaced commercial and economical activities that Non-Muslims centered with a national economy that Muslims and Turks based. The Unionists went to establish national companies under the name of "national merchant " or " national bourgeoisie" thanks to his national economy policy which came in possession of anti-liberalism. By means of this policy, the Muslims and Turks were encouraged to trade and in this regard the necessary facilities were provided for them. One of the national companies, which were an instance of these facilities, was established in Izmir on the 29th of March in 1333 [1917] by the name of Izmir Exportation and Importation Turkish Incorporated Company. This new commercial company, as a multi-shareholder mechanism performed an important breakthroughs in Izmir. In this study, the administrative and economical structure of that company within the frame of house regulations of it and national economy policy, which was applied, will briefly considered.

Keywords

National Economy, Izmir, Corporation.

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