The Northern Syrian has been strategically and commercially important due to its region that connects civilizations of Mesopotamia, Anatolia and Egypt that are the most developed civilizations of their history. Therefore, the region of the Northern Syria has been wanted to be captured and to be taken advantage of commercially in the every period of its history. In BC, Millennium Hittite made as government policy to capture the southern of the Taurus Mountains when Egyptian Pharaohs tried to keep the coasts of the Northern Syria and the Eastern Mediterranean under the sovereignty in order to keep the state treasure-filled. At the end of Millennium the strengthening Assyrians tried to capture rich city-states at the coast of the Eastern Mediterranean after domineering the Northern Syria. In this study, after giving information about physical and historical geography of the Northern Syria, political developments before and in the period of Hurri-Mitanni State, and the struggle of Hittite – Egyptian which reached the competition on the region to its zenith will be explained.
Northern Syria, Hittite, Mitanni, Egypt, Aleppo, Carchemish